Detail of Grant Awarded General Researches
Use of Tama River’s Water in Saitama Prefecture—Nobidome Canal
(at that time)
|（ 産業考古学会理事、水車と臼分科会代表 ）|
Nobidome Canal was excavated in 1655 to supply water to Nitta Village developed in the hilly area of Musashino Plateau, and was also used for irrigation in the downstream. Our research revealed, with some limitations due to lack of materials, how Nobidome Canal had been utilized to provide water for drinking, household chores, agriculture, and watermills during Edo Period until it stopped being used in the Showa Era with the development of residences and spread of tap water. Since we could obtain materials from the Saitama side of the story, we were able to describe the water conflict between Tokyo (upstream) and Saitama, which started around 1875, from both perspectives. The conflict continued until 1908 when they started to use separate water pipes, but they cooperated with other Water Use Unions to resolve issues of high water charge or decrease in water flow due to village/mountain reservoirs. We also found that during the conflict with Tokyo (upstream), the Nobidome Water Use Union had various complex issues including water distribution and watermill installation. In this research, we came to know the main events that took place from Meiji to Tiasho Era, such as the management/maintenance of the canal before the establishment of the Union, the process of establishment of the Union, and activities thereafter.
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